Reading Group

“Statistics Communication and (in)numeracy” reading group

In this reading group we focus on literature on the wide topic of statistics communication and (in)numeracy. During the spring semester of 2021-2022, meetings will take place online via MS Teams on Mondays, 13.00-14.00h. At each meeting, two participants present a scientific article on the topic. The focus is on the research methods and the important findings. Other participants can read these papers as a preparation, but this is not mandatory.

If you would like to join the reading group, please contact me via s.j.w.willems@fsw.leidenuniv.nl.

Meetings:

Date:

Speakers and literature:

June 20th, 2022

Edwin de Jonge: 
Graphical Prediction & Discrete Visualizations Improve Recall & Estimation of Effect Uncertainty, Jessica Hullman, Matthew Kay, Yea-Seul Kim, and Samana Shrestha, IEEE transactions on visualisation  and computer graphics, vol 24, no 1, January 2018, 1077-2626
Rosa Fabbricatore:
Okan, Y., Janssen, E., Galesic, M., & Waters, E. A. (2019). Using the short graph literacy scale to predict precursors of health behavior change. Medical Decision Making, 39(3), 183-195.

June 6th, 2022

No meeting; national holiday

May 23rd, 2022

Edwin de Jonge: 
TBA
Rosa Fabbricatore:
Okan, Y., Janssen, E., Galesic, M., & Waters, E. A. (2019). Using the short graph literacy scale to predict precursors of health behavior change. Medical Decision Making, 39(3), 183-195.

May 9th, 2022
Casper Albers: 
Firat EE, Joshi A, Laramee RS. Interactive visualization literacy: The state-of-the-art. Information Visualization. March 2022. doi:10.1177/14738716221081831
Ionica Smeets:
Kosara R, Rhyne TM. More Than Meets the Eye: A Closer Look at Encodings in Visualization. IEEE Comput Graph Appl. 2022 Mar-Apr;42(2):110-114. doi: 10.1109/MCG.2021.3138608

April 25th,
2022

Martine Jansen: [slides]
Kanjanabose, R., Abdul-Rahman, A. and Chen, M. (2015), A Multi-task Comparative Study on Scatter Plots and Parallel Coordinates Plots. Computer Graphics Forum, 34: 261-270. https://doi.org/10.1111/cgf.12638
Anne Marthe van der Bles:

TBA

April 11th,
2022

Winnifred Wijnker:
TBA

Saar Hommes:
Collins PJ, Renedo A, Marston CA. Communicating and understanding pain: Limitations of pain scales for patients with sickle cell disorder and other painful conditions. Journal of Health Psychology. 2022;27(1):103-118. doi:10.1177/1359105320944987

March 28th,
2022

Nynke Krol:
Justine T. Kaoa, Jean Y. Wub, Leon Bergen, and Noah D. Goodman (2014) Nonliteral understanding of number words. PNAS, 111 (33), 12002-12007. 
https://www.pnas.org/doi/pdf/10.1073/pnas.1407479111 
Ruben Vromans:
Recchia, G., Lawrence, A. C., & Freeman, A. L. (2022). Investigating the presentation of uncertainty in an icon array: A randomized trial. PEC Innovation, 1, 100003. 

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pecinn.2021.100003


March 14th,
2022

Reinoud Stoel:
Martire, K. ., Kemp, R. ., Sayle, M., & Newell, B. . (2014). On the interpretation of likelihood ratios in forensic science evidence: Presentation formats and the weak evidence effect. Forensic Science International, 240, 61–68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forsciint.2014.04.005
Sanne Willems: [slides]
Waters, E. A., Maki, J., Liu, Y., Ackermann, N., Carter, C. R., Dart, H., … Colditz, G. A. (2021). Risk Ladder, Table, or Bulleted List? Identifying Formats That Effectively Communicate Personalized Risk and Risk Reduction Information for Multiple Diseases. Medical Decision Making, 41(1), 74–88. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272989X20968070

February 28th,
2022
March 7th, 2022

Rosa Fabbricatore: [slides]
Ali, N., & Peebles, D. (2013). The effect of gestalt laws of perceptual organization on the comprehension of three-variable bar and line graphs. Human factors, 55(1), 183-203.
Laura Verbeek: 
von Roten, F. C., & de Roten, Y. (2013). Statistics in science and in society: From a state-of-the-art to a new research agenda. Public Understanding of Science, 22(7), 768-784. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0963662513495769 

February 14th,
2022
Cancelled

February 1st,
2022



Winnifred Wijnker: [slides]
Witt, J. K. (2019). Graph construction: An empirical investigation on setting the range of the Y-Axis. Meta-Psychology, 3. https://par.nsf.gov/servlets/purl/10107678
Saar Hommes: [slides]
Tosyali, F., & Aktas, B. (2021). Does training analytical thinking decrease superstitious beliefs? Relationship between analytical thinking, intrinsic religiosity, and superstitious beliefs. Personality and Individual Differences, 183, 111122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.11112

January 18th,
2022

Sanne Willems: [slides]

Yang, B. W., Vargas Restrepo, C., Stanley, M. L., & Marsh, E. J. (2021). Truncating Bar Graphs Persistently Misleads Viewers. Journal of Applied Research in Memory and Cognition, 10(2), 298–311. 

Ruben Vromans: [slides]

Engelhardt, E. G., Pieterse, A. H., Han, P. K., van Duijn-Bakker, N., Cluitmans, F., Maartense, E., ... & Stiggelbout, A. M. (2017). Disclosing the uncertainty associated with prognostic estimates in breast cancer: current practices and patients’ perceptions of uncertainty. Medical Decision Making, 37(3), 179-192. 

December 7th,
2021
Winnifred Wijnker: 
TBA
Laura Verbeek:
Engzell, P., Frey, A., & Verhagen, M. D. (2021). Learning loss due to school closures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 118(17).
November 23, 2021

Rosa Fabbricatore: [slides]

Binder K, Krauss S and Bruckmaier G (2015) Effects of visualizing statistical information–an empirical study on tree diagrams and 2 × 2 tables. Front. Psychol.6:1186.
Ionica Smeets:
Li, N., & Molder, A. L. (2021). Can scientists use simple infographics to convince? Effects of the “flatten the curve” charts on perceptions of and behavioral intentions toward social distancing measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Public Understanding of Science, 30(7), 898–912.

November 9, 2021

Casper Albers:

Frans, N., Hummelen, B., Albers, C.J., Paap, M.C.S. (2021). Visualizing uncertainty to promote clinicians' understanding of measurement error.
Ionica Smeets:
TBA

October 26,
2021

Saar Hommes: [slides]
Hoffmann TC, Del Mar C, Santhirapala R, et al. Teaching clinicians shared decision making and risk communication online: an evaluation study. BMJ Evidence-Based Medicine 2021;26:253.
Anne Marthe van der Bles:
Jenkins, S. C., Harris, A. J. L., & Lark, R. M. (2018). Understanding ‘unlikely (20% likelihood)’ or ‘20% likelihood (unlikely)’ outcomes: the robustness of the extremity effect. Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 31(4), 572-586.

October 12,
2021

Marije Fagginger Auer: [slides]
Betsch , C., Haase, N., Renkewitz, F., & Schmid, P. (2015). The narrative bias revisited: What drives the biasing influence of narrative information on risk perceptions? Judgment and Decision Making, 10, 241-264 

Ruben Vromans: [slides]
- Fagerlin, A., Zikmund-Fisher, B. J., & Ubel, P. A. (2007). “If I’m better than average, then I’m ok?”: Comparative information influences beliefs about risk and benefits. Patient education and counseling, 69(1-3), 140-144. 
- Schwartz, P. H. (2016). Comparative Risk: Good or Bad Heuristic?. The American Journal of Bioethics, 16(5), 20-22. 

September 28,
2021

Cancelled

September 14, 2021
Winnifred Wijnker:
Cokely, E. T., Galesic, M., Schulz, E., Ghazal, S., & Garcia-Retamero, R. (2012). Measuring risk literacy: the berlin numeracy test. Judgment and Decision making.
Sanne Willems [slides]
Bruine de Bruin, W., & Carman, K. G. (2012). Measuring risk perceptions: what does the excessive use of 50% mean?. Medical decision making: an international journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making, 32(2), 232–236.

June 25, 2021

June 11, 2021
Anne Marthe van der Bles:
Dieckmann, Gregory, Peters & Hartmann, 2017 "Seeing What You Want to See: How Imprecise Uncertainty Ranges Enhance Motivated Reasoning"
Zsuzsa Bakk Bunga Citra Pratiwi:
Naik, G., Ahmed, H., & Edwards, A. G. (2012). Communicating risk to patients and the public. British Journal of General Practice, 62(597), 213-216.

May 28, 2021

May 14, 2021

Ascension Day

April 30, 2021

Nikky van Buuren:
Fischhoff B. Communicating about the risks of terrorism (or anything else). Am Psychol. 2011 Sep;66(6):520-31. doi: 10.1037/a0024570. PMID: 21823780.

Laura Verbeek Winnifred Wijnker:
Raschke, R. L., & Steinbart, P. J. (2008). Mitigating the effects of misleading graphs on decisions by educating users about the principles of graph design. Journal of Information Systems, 22(2), 23-52.

April 16, 2021

April 2, 2021

Good Friday

March 19, 2021

Ionca Smeets:
Romano, Alessandro, Sotis, Chiara, Dominioni, Goran, & Guidi, Sebastián. (2020). The scale of COVID‐19 graphs affects understanding, attitudes, and policy preferences. Health Economics, 29(11), 1482-1494.
Nynke Krol:
Porter, Theodore M. Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life. Princeton University Press, 1995. JSTOR

March 5, 2021

Winnifred Wijnker: 

Okan, Y., Galesic, M. & Garcia-Retamero, R. How People with Low and High Graph Literacy Process Health Graphs: Evidence from Eye-tracking: Graph Literacy and Health Graph Processing. J. Behav. Decis. Mak. 29, 271–294 (2016)

Sanne Willems: [slides]
Innumeracy in the Wild - Misunderstanding and Misusing Numbers, Ellen Peters (2020) – book, part 1 and 2